ACA 5 威胁加州 歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存

, ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻
, ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻
, ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻
圣地亚哥D州的女议员雪莉·韦伯(Shirley Weber)呼吁国会议员批准将宪法修正案纳入选票的措施,以使选民决定该州是否应推翻其在加州萨克拉曼多国会大厦的禁令。 ,即2020年6月10日,星期三。该措施ACA5已获批准,目前已提交参议院投票。 (美联社照片/ Rich Pedroncelli)
乔治·陈的成功是他自己创造的。 这位第一代华裔移民在他的博客上写道:“当我1993年来到这个国家时,我很贫穷,不得不做各种各样的零工,打扫洗手间和厕所,每天在餐厅工作12小时作为洗碗工和服务生,拖地板,在夜总会里调酒,在夏天割草和美化环境-同时让自己读完研究生。” 辛勤的工作得到了回报。 陈,目前是一位成功的技术执行官和专注于AI认知解决方案,云,大数据和分析的咨询顾问, 他的妻子则是一位成功的企业家 他说,他们的经历“证实了美国的梦想是活得健康的。”

您会以为陈的故事就是美国高等教育体系所赞扬的故事。相反,他得知自己的成功以及其亚裔美国人的身份正被用来惩罚他两个孩子的受教育机会。

他解释说:“我相信美国的教育系统是针对像我这样家庭背景相似的孩子的。” “不知何故,因为我们比大多数人(至少在经济上)更成功,并且生活在美好的生活中,所以我们的孩子会受到诸如错误的“多样性得分”之类的惩罚。”

像许多其他亚裔美国人一样,陈氏的家庭也是高等教育中公然歧视的受害者。多年来,顶尖大学,包括最著名的哈佛大学,在入学过程中一直对亚裔美国人一视同仁,一贯而系统地给“亚裔美国人在个人特质(例如善良和领导力)方面得分低”,这令人不安的事实表明在一个尚未有结果的诉讼中——“公平录取学生诉哈佛”。

“今天,我看到有系统地试图抹杀亚裔学生的高分平均成绩和SAT / ACT分数,这是被某种方式污染以及“特权”教养的恶果,”著名教学教授Prabhudev Konana和William H写道。德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校麦科姆斯商学院的Seay Centennial教授。“这种偏见使许多亚裔美国人感到沮丧,尽管他们的社区拥护和支持各行各业的多样性。”

高等教育对亚裔美国人的系统歧视已经在全国范围内发生,但有一个明显的例外。1996年,加利福尼亚州的选民批准了《加利福尼亚民权倡议》,这是一项州宪法修正案,禁止在公共合同,公共就业和公共教育中歧视或优惠待遇。

该措施的成功在该州的公立大学中最为明显。圣地亚哥大学法学教授盖尔·赫里奥特(Gail Heriot)是1996年“加利福尼亚民权倡议”运动的共同主席,他指出,这项措施帮助了代表性不足的少数族裔学生表现出色。

赫里奥特在2018年的一篇文章中指出:“在实施第209号提案之前,只有一名黑人学生的新生年GPA等于或高于3.5,其中一名黑人荣誉学生的新生等级为3,268。” 相比之下, 班上20%的白人学生具有这样的GPA。 而实施209号提案后, 第二年, 全校20%的黑人学生第一年的GPA就会达到3.5或更高。”

不完全统计的少数族裔的毕业率也有所提高。

亚裔美国教育联盟行政主管吴文元分析了加州大学系统两个十年的毕业率数据。 不完全统计的少数族裔的四年毕业率从1995-97年期间的31.3%上升到2014年的55.1%。

“ 6年毕业率表现得更好:1998年为66.5%,2013年为75.1%,” Wu发现。“加州大学的少数族裔录取人数绝对数量和占所有录取率的百分比均超过了1996年。”

尽管该措施取得了无可争议的成功,但仍受到加利福尼亚州极左州议会的抨击。大会第5号宪法修正案将要求选民废除具有里程碑意义的反歧视保护措施。一个民权领袖联盟组织了一个Change.org请愿书,动员起来反对ACA 5,该请愿书获得了近50,000个签名。

“ ACA 5的构思不当,将对许多加利福尼亚人造成巨大伤害,”前加利福尼亚大学董事,美国民权研究所创始人沃德·康纳利警告说。“同样重要的是平等与自由之间的内在联系。没有平等,我们将寻求机会的机会交给一个不断发展的政府来根据我们的身份来决定我们的生活。” 康纳(Connerner)于1996年撰写了《加州民权倡议》,他动员了由加州人组成的多元化联盟,他们将基于种族的歧视视为种族平等的挫折。这个信息很可能会在今天的示威中再次引起共鸣。

如果立法机关将该措施付诸表决,则很可能会面临亚裔美国人的强烈反对。加利福尼亚州15%的AP选民的有组织和激烈的反对,可能会将若干国会和立法政治种族转移到共和党专栏中。《美国国家评论》(National Review)的国民事务记者约翰·基金(John Fund)指出:“亚裔美国人将率先反对ACA-5。” “在亚裔美国人中,反对派是2比1反对。”

肖恩·斯蒂尔(Shawn Steel)是加利福尼亚州共和党全国委员会委员。

ACA 5 threatens a civil rights setback for California

, ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻
By SHAWN STEEL | Orange County RegisterPUBLISHED: June 12, 2020 at 2:00 p.m. | UPDATED: June 12, 2020 at 4:43 p.m. George Shen’s success is all his own. “When I came to this country in 1993,” the first generation Chinese-American immigrant writes on his blog, “I was dirt poor and had to work all sorts of odd jobs – cleaning restrooms and toilets, working 12 hours a day in restaurants as dishwasher and waiter, mopping floors, bartending at nightclubs, mowing lawns and landscaping during summer – while putting myself through graduate school.” That hard work paid off. A successful tech executive and consultant specializing in AI cognitive solutions, cloud, big data and analytics, Shen and his wife, a successful entrepreneur, say that their experience “confirms the American dream is alive and well.”  TOP ARTICLES1/5READ MORESpring’s Outstanding Seniors: Trabuco Hills’ Isaac Kornwins boys track and field honor You’d think Shen’s story would be the kind of story celebrated by America’s higher education system. Instead, he’s learning that his success — and his Asian American identity — are being used to punish the educational opportunities of his two children. “I believe the American educational system is against kids with similar family background like mine,” he explains. “Somehow because we are more successful than most, at least economically, and living in a good life, our kids are penalized by approaches such as the ill-conceived “diversity score’.” Like so many other Asian Americans, Shen’s family is the victim of blatant discrimination in higher education. For years, top universities, including most notably Harvard University, have discriminated against Asian Americans in their college admissions process by consistently and systematically giving “low scores to Asian-American applicants on personal traits, such as kindness and leadership,” a disturbing fact revealed in the pending lawsuit, Students for Fair Admissions v. Harvard. “Today, I see a systematic attempt to discredit high grade point averages and SAT/ACT scores from Asian-American students as somehow tainted and the result of a ‘privileged’ upbringing,” writes Prabhudev Konana, a Distinguished Teaching Professor and the William H. Seay Centennial Professor of Business in the McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas-Austin. “This bias has left many Asian-Americans upset despite their communities having championed and supported diversity in all walks of life.” Higher education’s systematic discrimination against Asian Americans has occurred throughout the country with one notable exception. In 1996, California voters approved the California Civil Rights Initiative, a state constitutional amendment that banned discrimination or preferential treatment in public contracting, public employment, and public education. The measure’s success has been most evident at the state’s public colleges and universities. Gail Heriot, a University of San Diego law professor who co-chaired the 1996 California Civil Rights Initiative campaign, points to evidence that the measure has helped underrepresented minority students excel. “Immediately prior to the implementation of Proposition 209, only one black student had a freshman-year GPA of 3.5 or better — a single black honor student in a freshman class of 3,268,” Heriot notes in a 2018 journal article. “In contrast, 20 percent of the white students in the class had such a GPA. The next year, with Proposition 209, a full 20 percent of black students could boast a GPA of 3.5 or better after their first year.” Graduation rates among underrepresented racial minorities have also risen. Wenyuan Wu, the director of administration for Asian American Coalition for Education, analyzed two decades of graduation rate data at the University of California system. Four-year graduation rates of underrepresented racial minorities rose from 31.3% during the 1995-97 period to 55.1 % in 2014. “The 6-year graduation rate has fared even better: 66.5% in 1998 and 75.1% in 2013,” Wu found. “Minority admissions at UC exceeded those of 1996 both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of all admissions.” Despite its undisputed success, the measure is under attack from California’s far-left state legislature. Assembly Constitutional Amendment No. 5 would ask voters to repeal the landmark protection against discrimination. A coalition of civil rights leaders have mobilized to oppose ACA 5 by organizing a Change.org petition that has garnered nearly 50,000 signatures. “ACA 5 is ill-conceived and will inflict great harm upon many Californians,” warns Ward Connerly, a former regent of the University of California and the founder of the American Civil Rights Institute. “Of equal importance is the inherent link between equality and freedom. Without equality, we leave our pursuit of opportunity in the hands of an ever-growing government to make decisions about our lives on the basis of our identities.” Connerly, who authored the California Civil Rights Initiative in 1996, mobilized a diverse coalition of Californians who see race based discrimination as a setback for racial equality. That message is likely to resonate once again in today’s demonstrations. If the Legislature sends the measure to the ballot, it is likely to face strident opposition from Asian Americans.  The organized and fierce opposition of the 15 percent of the electorate, of AP voters in California could shift several congressional and legislative political races into the Republican column. “Asian-Americans will take the lead in opposing ACA-5,” observes John Fund, National Review’s national-affairs reporter. “Among Asian Americans, the opposition is 2 to 1 against.” Shawn Steel serves as California’s committeeman on the Republican National Committee.  , ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻

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, ACA 5 威胁加州  歧视亚裔的美国教育硕果难存, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻, Student News Network--SNN学生新闻社 尔湾新闻共享 橙县社区新闻
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